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Author Topic: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa  (Read 766 times)

Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #30 on: June 01, 2022, 10:26:53 PM »
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2.8.9 The Finance Minister is empowered to create the Bureau of Corporations, which body shall be responsible for the registration of all Talossan businesses, the enforcement of applicable business laws, and such further tasks as may seem fit by the Ziu.

"Empowered to"? Does that mean they have an option as to whether to do so or not? Why not "shall create", if this is supposed to bind the Government?

It means that the Finance Minister is not required to create this Bureau; it is optional and within their discretion.

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Sample articles may be offered at the Bureau's discretion.

Putting a "may" clause in a law makes no sense. If there is no law against "providing sample articles", then logically the Ministry of Finance "may" do that.

Yes, but the law is full of suggestions of this kind, intended to guide application of those fulfilling it, but without binding their hands.

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This number shall be composed of three digits to indicate the year of registration combined with three digits to indicate the order a business was registered, beginning with 001.

You might emphasise "Talossan year" here?

That makes sense, thank you.

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Changes to this numbering scheme may be made at the discretion of the Bureau, but are discouraged.

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It is encouraged for the Bureau to provide a fancy certificate to any registered business.

Statements of "discouragement" or "encouragement" have no place in positive law. Either you are compelling the Ministry of Finance to do something, or it should not be in the bill.

Generally this bill suffers from being an attempt to set Government policy from opposition. The Ziu may very well compel the Government to do things, or to not do things; but laws have no place in attempting to offer suggestions.
I disagree.  The law is full of such suggestions.  I think like the first few provisions in the title covering the Government have like three suggestions alone!  It doesn't always make sense to require everything as mandatory or else not mention it at all.  Often the Ziu can and should provide guidance where it sees fit, even if the execution can ultimately be trusted to those on the ground -- which is, in fact, exactly the opposite of trying to set policy from opposition.
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Offline Miestră Schivă, UrN

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #31 on: June 01, 2022, 10:39:32 PM »
It means that the Finance Minister is not required to create this Bureau; it is optional and within their discretion.

Then honestly we don't need this law at all, we just need a policy paper. MinFin could create this Bureau tomorrow, should he have the time and energy to do so, with no law required. And if he doesn't want to, this law won't make him.

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The law is full of such suggestions.  I think like the first few provisions in the title covering the Government have like three suggestions alone!

Does it? Well, thank you for giving me a place to start the Justice Ministry's project of removing kipple from El Lexhatx.

Seriously: the purpose of this Committee is to raise technical issues rather than discuss policy, so I think I've said my piece here. I'd love to hear the Mençéi's opinion.

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Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #32 on: June 01, 2022, 10:47:54 PM »
It means that the Finance Minister is not required to create this Bureau; it is optional and within their discretion.

Then honestly we don't need this law at all, we just need a policy paper. MinFin could create this Bureau tomorrow, should he have the time and energy to do so, with no law required. And if he doesn't want to, this law won't make him.

Correct.  Even though I think this is a very good idea, there are also times when this might not make sense to do, so it is a discretionary scheme that may be enacted at the will of the MinFin.

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The law is full of such suggestions.  I think like the first few provisions in the title covering the Government have like three suggestions alone!

Does it? Well, thank you for giving me a place to start the Justice Ministry's project of removing kipple from El Lexhatx.

These sorts of things are relatively common in legal systems everywhere, since allowing no discretion to executive officers can hamper them from actually achieving desired goals.
Alexandreu Davinescu, Baron Davinescu del Vilatx Freiric del Vilatx Freiric es Guaír del Sabor Talossan

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    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein


Offline Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #33 on: June 06, 2022, 07:05:33 PM »
It means that the Finance Minister is not required to create this Bureau; it is optional and within their discretion.

Then honestly we don't need this law at all, we just need a policy paper. MinFin could create this Bureau tomorrow, should he have the time and energy to do so, with no law required. And if he doesn't want to, this law won't make him.

Correct.  Even though I think this is a very good idea, there are also times when this might not make sense to do, so it is a discretionary scheme that may be enacted at the will of the MinFin.

Quote
The law is full of such suggestions.  I think like the first few provisions in the title covering the Government have like three suggestions alone!

Does it? Well, thank you for giving me a place to start the Justice Ministry's project of removing kipple from El Lexhatx.

These sorts of things are relatively common in legal systems everywhere, since allowing no discretion to executive officers can hamper them from actually achieving desired goals.

In looking at this, there doesn't strike me as anything wrong, inherently speaking, with the material as presented.  I think that the question of "advisory" law (shoulds and coulds, etc) might be best decided by the legislature.  IE, in debate on the bill, they can discuss whether or not this is the kind of law worth enacting.  For my own part, the "shoulds" and "cans" absolutely scream for a "if its not explicitly allowed, it is forbidden" type of legalism.  In essence, at least in my reason, "shoulds" and "cans" in law may very well quash the executive discretion you're pointing to, AD.
Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu
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Offline Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #34 on: June 06, 2022, 07:16:47 PM »
I'd like to submit the Seneschal Selection and Reselection Amendment

For clarification, is it the Amendment as contained in this linked post?  https://wittenberg.talossa.com/index.php?topic=1441.msg12111#msg12111

Apologies, @Ian Plätschisch , Just want to make sure.
Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu
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Offline Ian Plätschisch

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #35 on: June 06, 2022, 07:49:31 PM »
Yes

Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #36 on: June 07, 2022, 07:07:21 AM »
I already picked over it in the Hopper; it's fine.
Alexandreu Davinescu, Baron Davinescu del Vilatx Freiric del Vilatx Freiric es Guaír del Sabor Talossan

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    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein


Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #37 on: June 07, 2022, 07:32:32 AM »
In looking at this, there doesn't strike me as anything wrong, inherently speaking, with the material as presented.  I think that the question of "advisory" law (shoulds and coulds, etc) might be best decided by the legislature.  IE, in debate on the bill, they can discuss whether or not this is the kind of law worth enacting.  For my own part, the "shoulds" and "cans" absolutely scream for a "if its not explicitly allowed, it is forbidden" type of legalism.  In essence, at least in my reason, "shoulds" and "cans" in law may very well quash the executive discretion you're pointing to, AD.
Well, the discretion lies in creating the bureau, which is why the MinFin is "empowered to" create it.  But once it exists, it is mandated ("shall") to issue licenses in a standardized format, although it is assigned discretion to change the format if it wishes ("may") and has the choice of whether or not to provide a fancy certificate ("it is encouraged").

I have tried to carefully structure the bill to account for varying degrees of burden and practicality on the part of the MinFin.  They can create the bureau -- but once they do so, it has legal requirements for its function.  They can change the numbering scheme if they think they come up with a better one, but that's left to them to decide, and they can issue a certificate, but even a MinFin who feels like it's wise to open the Bureau and has time to make a list might not have time to do a certificate if they have a lot going on.
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    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein


Offline Ián Tamorán S.H.

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #38 on: June 08, 2022, 12:27:51 PM »
If it is not specifically forbidden, it is allowed. Period.
That is a prerequisite of personal freedom.
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Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #39 on: June 08, 2022, 01:20:14 PM »
If it is not specifically forbidden, it is allowed. Period.
That is a prerequisite of personal freedom.
So just so you're aware, this is the CRL Committee.  It's fine to comment here, but be aware that this is not the thread for a specific bill.

Beyond that, I'm not sure what exactly you're speaking about?  It's certainly true for citizens that anything not specifically forbidden is allowed, but the Government operates within specific parameters.  The Secretary of State can't exempt bills from the Hopper requirements just because he likes the font, for example.  Or to pick another example, the Ziu can't make laws about what hats I'm permitted to wear, since that's not a subject over which the people have democratically granted them the authority to make laws.
Alexandreu Davinescu, Baron Davinescu del Vilatx Freiric del Vilatx Freiric es Guaír del Sabor Talossan

    Bitter struggles deform their participants in subtle, complicated ways. ― Zadie Smith
    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein


Offline Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #40 on: June 10, 2022, 02:37:53 PM »
I already picked over it in the Hopper; it's fine.

I, also, dont see problems here.
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Online Breneir Tzaracomprada

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #41 on: June 17, 2022, 08:11:23 AM »
Submitting for review

The Let’s Make This Official Act

Whereas, the Kingdom recognizes the importance of celebrating important dates and events in Talossan history, and

Whereas, Reunision as the re-uniting of kingdom and republican Talossans marks an incredibly important moment in the history of Talossa, and

Whereas, the day in which King John issued the Proclamation of Reunision, April 20, certainly qualifies for elevation from a day of observance to an official national holiday.

Therefore be it resolved that a new subsection is placed at El Lexhatx F 2.4, with any necessary renumbering of following subsections, to read:

Quote
20 April. Reunision Day. Commemorating the royal proclamation of Reunision and the end of the Third Schism.

Uréu q'estadra så
Breneir Tzaracomprada (Sen-FL, TNC)
Baron Alexandreu Davinescu (MC-TNC)


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Offline Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #42 on: June 17, 2022, 05:31:35 PM »
Submitting for review

The Let’s Make This Official Act

Whereas, the Kingdom recognizes the importance of celebrating important dates and events in Talossan history, and

Whereas, Reunision as the re-uniting of kingdom and republican Talossans marks an incredibly important moment in the history of Talossa, and

Whereas, the day in which King John issued the Proclamation of Reunision, April 20, certainly qualifies for elevation from a day of observance to an official national holiday.

Therefore be it resolved that a new subsection is placed at El Lexhatx F 2.4, with any necessary renumbering of following subsections, to read:

Quote
20 April. Reunision Day. Commemorating the royal proclamation of Reunision and the end of the Third Schism.

Uréu q'estadra så
Breneir Tzaracomprada (Sen-FL, TNC)
Baron Alexandreu Davinescu (MC-TNC)

The bill appears sound to me.
Eiric S. Bornatfiglheu
Chisleu Bruno of the NPW
Senator from Benito

Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #43 on: June 17, 2022, 07:27:40 PM »
Very simple bill, and I see no problems. I mean, obviously, since I'm a co-sponsor!
Alexandreu Davinescu, Baron Davinescu del Vilatx Freiric del Vilatx Freiric es Guaír del Sabor Talossan

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    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein


Offline Baron Alexandreu Davinescu

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Re: CRL Committee for the 57th Cosa
« Reply #44 on: June 23, 2022, 08:40:33 PM »
Submitting this to the committee:

WHEREAS currently the entire status of much of our legal system is possibly itself illegal, since the Ziu's ennumerated powers do not include any power to write criminal laws at all, nor to regulate any aspect of the legal system, meaning that most of Titles A & J are very much in doubt if challenged in cort, and

WHEREAS this means that anyone in cort can very reasonably ask under what authority the Ziu purports to organically restrict their behavior, when all such power seems reserved to the provinces under the letter of the law, and can also ask how the Ziu gets to set any standards for the bar or other things,

THEREFORE the third section of Article VII of the 1997 Organic Law shall be amended to include these additional provisions:

Quote
20. Criminal justice designed to protect the personal and property rights of citizens.
21. Administrative matters incidental to the functioning of the justice system.

Uréu q'estadra så:
Baron Alexandreu Davinescu
Alexandreu Davinescu, Baron Davinescu del Vilatx Freiric del Vilatx Freiric es Guaír del Sabor Talossan

    Bitter struggles deform their participants in subtle, complicated ways. ― Zadie Smith
    Revolution is an art that I pursue rather than a goal I expect to achieve. ― Robert Heinlein